We all know that Santa Claus lives at the North Pole. But just where is the
North Pole? We know it´s north. Is there a giant pole there? Let´s take a look at
the place where Santa makes his home.

Watch this video about the Arctic:

Where is the North Pole?
So where exactly is the North Pole? Well, the Earth rotates or spins around an axis. If you were to draw a line at the axis through the center of the Earth, that line would exit the Earth in two places. At the bottom of the Earth, it would exit at the South Pole and at the top would be the North Pole. The North Pole is the northernmost place on Earth.Is it ice or land?There is no land at the North Pole, but it is
covered in a thick layer of ice around 6 to 9 feet thick. So you can stand there
and Santa can have his home there.

How cold is it there?

In the winter, temperatures average around minus 29 degrees F (-34 deg
C). In the summer it is quite a bit warmer at plus 32 degrees F (0 deg C). This
may sound pretty cold, but is actually quite a bit warmer than the average
temperatures in the South Pole.

Really cold, or really, really cold?

Both the Arctic (North Pole) and the Antarctic (South Pole) are cold because they don’t get any direct sunlight. The sun is always low on the horizon, even in the middle of summer. In winter, the Sun is so far below the horizon that it doesn’t come up at all for months at a time. So the days are just like the nights—cold and dark.

Even though the North Pole and South Pole are “polar opposites,” they both get the same amount of sunlight. But the South Pole is a lot colder than the North Pole. Why? Well, the Poles are polar opposites in other ways too.

The Arctic is ocean surrounded by land. The Antarctic is land surrounded by ocean.

The ocean under the Arctic ice is cold, but still warmer than the ice! So the ocean warms the air a bit.

Antarctica is dry—and high. Under the ice and snow is land, not ocean. And it’s got mountains. The average elevation of Antarctica is about 7,500 feet (2.3 km). And the higher you go, the colder it gets.

Time of year Average (mean) temperature
North Pole South Pole
Summer 32°  F (0° C) −18°  F (−28.2° C)
Winter −40°  F (−40° C) −76°  F
North Pole Location
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